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Bab 4 Skripsi UNIMA Bahasa Inggris


berikut merupakan sambungan dari postingan bab I dan Bab II juga bab bab III tentang Skripsi Lengkap UNIMA bahasa Inggris


Chapter IV
Result of Discussion
·                     The Activity of Unitization
4..1                        Hallowed Be Thy Name  (By Cradle of Filth)
I'm waiting in my cold cell, when the bell begins to chime.
Reflecting on my past life and it doesn't have much time.
'Cause at 5 o'clock they take me to the Gallows pole,
The sands of time for me are running low.
Mother Fuckers!
When the priest comes to read me the last rites,
Take a look through the bars at the last sight,
Of a world that has gone very wrong for me.
Can it be that there's some sort of error.
Hard to stop the surmounting terror.
Is it really the end, not some crazy dream.
Somebody please tell me that I'm dreaming,
It's not easy to stop from screaming,
The words escape me when I try to speak.
Tears they flow but why am I crying,
After all I'm not afraid of dying.
Don't I believe that there never is an end.
As the guards march me out to the courtyard,
Somebody cries from a cell "God be with you".
If there's a God then why has he let me die?
As I walk all my life drifts before me,
Though the end is near I'm not sorry.
Catch my soul, it's willing to fly away.
Mark my words believe my soul lives on.
Don't worry now that I have gone.
I've gone beyond to seek the truth.
So when you know that your time is close at hand.
Maybe then you'll begin to understand,
Life down here is just a strange illusion
Hallowed be thy name 2x
4.1.2 Cemetery and Sundown (by Cradle of Filth)
We rise with the sun in the underworld
We suffer from a graveless name
We prise wide lids
And wounds with lips curled
Over teeth that have tasted shame
Cemetary and sundown
Against the flora of nightfall
We gather like the fauna of war
To curse Aurora so spiteful
With her stake in the coming of dawn
To conjure forth the past
Those heady night of pain resplendent
In the service of the Goddess of Death
When her sheets ran royalty red
Moons lengthen our crypt kept silhouettes
Shadows dance, eyes flicker in descent
Unveil the greed, our needs are bitter, spent
On upturned mouths and haunts of wickedness
We walk this Eden, a secret
Faces hidden under Leonine pride
In dusk's embrace
We find it hard to keep it
When blood and lust and waking worlds collide
Too long have we skulked like drifters
In the cities of the neon sun
Vagabond dogs and graveyard shifters
Mona Lisas where the paint has run
I miss our glorious past
Our nightly flights on fear dependent
Like phantoms in the caves for Miss Christine
When the song bird broke her neck
Wolves howl their foghound serenades
Churches arch their backs with balustrades
Praise be to the shedding of masquerades
When we hunt these vestal vermin unafraid
Of the covenant made.....
Draw the blinds on the floors of raw meat
There is murder in the thirst
Rich red vascular tapestries
Hung in gilded frames of nuns asleep
In dreams where themes of hestiality
Are a blessing on their Sunday sheep
Sermons hang a black gown
Over cemetery and sundown
Now the clock is harrying midnight
And the ghost of yet to come
Will she show rewrites of dark delight
Over the sewers we've overrun?
I see a winter palace
Cut diamonds at a porcelain neck
When Swan Lake crushed poor sanity's spirit
As I threw to it bled
We rise with the sun in the underworld
We suffer from a graveless name
We prise wide lids
And wounds with lips curled
Over teeth that have tasted shame

We walk this Eden, a secret
Faces hidden under Leonine pride
In dusk's embrace
We find it hard to keep it
When blood and lust and waking world collide
4.1.3 Malice Through the Looking Glass (by Cradle of Filth)
Take away the wine
For restlessness plagues me....
I am assailed by a spectre profounder
Than hatred and grief or the sum of their hideous crime
I shalt suffer this confessional of mine
Awaiting the sun to set, crimsoning seas
Only once it is dark doth my misery cease
She died to a sky dressed in flame
(dressed in flame)
Eyes full of curses for her killers by choice
Who fell to their god o'er her vision and voice
"I am as dusk come to ravish in the light"
Steal me from their stares and mute christ into night
"I will answer thy prayers"
If thou Wouldst drink of my life....
Encroaching evening skies
Die with such tragedy
And those interred in cold graves
Dwell on pleasures to be
In deep hysteria
Where our legend still breathes
Through sweet death and thereafter
Sweeping nightmares.... shalt feed
4.1.4 Disposal of The Body (by Cradle of Filth)
The basement incinerator
Is where they'll put the head
Hose the floor and clean the room
Anywhere they bled
Into boxes go the bags
Fill the space with rocks
In the dark of night
He throws them off the docks
Rotting in the river
Never to be found
Under tons of concrete
Deep beneath the ground
From behind he grabs his mouth
The blade goes to his neck
Bulging veins pumping blood
He struggles to protect
If you don't cut open the stomach
The corpse will rise and float
The victim is discovered dead
Rotting organs bloat
The killer chops the body
With a scalpel and an ax
The parts are then drained
And put into the sacks
Grab the neck, Slit the throat, take the life
Hang the corpse - Prepare to drain the blood
Bone saw, meat cleaver, filleting knife
Carve the corpse - Dissect him in the tub
Smash the teeth, slice off scars, crush the bones
With a crowbar - scrape off all tattoos
If you don't cut open the stomach
The corpse will rise and float
The victim is discovered dead
Rotting organs bloat
The killer chops the body
With a scalpel and an ax
The parts are then drained
And put into the sacks
Chunks of a skull
Sawn in half bones
Body is found
Killer unknown
4.1.5 Mourning  Palace (by Dimmu Borgir)
Daylight has finally reached its end
As evenfall strikes into the sky
Far away in the dark glimpsing moonlight
Sickening souls cry out in pain
Whispering voices summoning screams
Waiting for Satan to bless their sins
Blackhearted angels fallen from grace
Possessed by the search for utter darkness
Hear the cries from the Mourning Palace
Feel the gloom of restless spirits
Hear the screams from the "MOURING" Palace
Feel the doom of haunting chants
Eternal is their lives in misery
Eternal is their lives in grief
Abandoned in a void of nothingness
A chain of anger, a fetter of despair
In this garden of depraved beings
This unsacred place of helpless ones
Satan blessed the creatures
Inswathed them in endless night

Whispering voices, summoning screams
Waiting for Satan to bless their sins
Blackhearted angels fallen from grace
Possessed by the search for utter darkness


4.1.6 Spellbound (by The Devil)
(by Dimmu Borgir)
You have returned to the torture-chambers
To find peace among the rotting corpses
You have returned to the execution place
To inhale the smell of blood
Death and terror rules the land
We have been spellbound
By the Devil
You have returned to the hidden graves
Only you know about
You have returned to face your victims
And feel sensation of violence once again
Death and terror rules the soul
You have been spellbound
By the Devil
Murderer, you have returned
To create fear and sorrow
Death and terror rules the land
We have been spellbound
By the Devil


4.1.7 Entrance (by Dimmu Borgir)
Soul(s) on departure six six six
Onward into another existence
A trip far beyond all pleasant dreams
A voyage through desolation sights
Inner transformation
Subconscious light
In the glance fields of fires
In the distance meadows of mists
Where minds being enshrouded in complete night
The fading of love, life and light
Wandering an endless journey
Dead within a trace
Entering a lost dominion soulless and free
Visiting a foreign place but yet so known
Another dimension opens for me to see
Heaven sure ain't made for me to be
Soul(s) on arrival six six six
One short step from unhallowed ground
The ground of a Kingdom Come
Dead spirits communion
Unorthodox profane void
Gardens, temples, palaces
I have seen them all
In search for insanity, sanity slowly drowns - In trance
4.1.8 Metal Heart (by Dimmu Borgir)
It is 1999
The human race has to face it
They are confronted with the truth
It's secret -- mysterious
A surgeon said it in the news
The human race is dying
But the result is no disease
Searching for you
Metal heart -- metal heart
They found it everywhere
Metal heart -- metal heart
Lifeless piece of steel
The scaring fact was even told
Total confusion
They found the same nightmare
Heartbeats -- timebombs
Metal heart -- metal heart
Unplugged they're dying
Metal heart -- metal heart
Unplugged they die
Metal heart -- metal heart
They found it everywhere
Metal heart -- metal heart
Lifeless piece of steel
Metal heart -- metal heart -- metal heart
Unplugged they're dying
Metal heart -- metal heart
4.1.9 Blood of the Kings (by Manowar)
Brothers the battle is raging
Choose your side
Sing with us the BATLE HYMS
INTO GLORY RIDE
HAIL TO ENGLAND
THE SIGN OF THE HAMMER's our guide
Forever we're FIGHTING THE WORLD
Side by side
On a crusade
The world we bring
Four Kings of Metal
Four Metal Kings
Death to the false ones
Dance on a string
'Till the blood on your sword is the blood of a king
'Till the blood on your hand is the blood of a king
Our armies in England,
IRELAND, Scotland, and Wales
Our brothers in Belgium, Holland and France will not
fail
Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Italy
Switzerland, Austria
Back to the glory of Germany
On a crusade
The world we bring
Four Kings of Metal
Four Metal Kings
Death to the false ones
Dance on a string
'Till the blood on your sword is the blood of a king
'Till the blood on your hand is the blood of a king
Sound the DEATH TONE
On our MARCH FOR REVENGE
Spill THE BLOOD OF MY ENEMIES
THE OATH of a friend
Fight the HOLY WAR for THE CROWN AND THE RING
Six magic circles are made by the BLOOD OF THE KINGS
Wherever we ride, It's metal we bring
Four Kings of Metal
Four Metal Kings
SOUNDS OF TRUE METAL
WE WILL SING
'Till the blood on your sword is the blood of a king
'Till the blood on your hand is the blood of a king
Blood of a king
4.1.10 Thor  (the Powerhead)
(by MAnowar)
Black clouds on the horizon
Great thunder and burning rain
His chariot pounding,
I heard the heavens scream his name
I watched as he shouted
To the giants that died that day
He hehd up his hammer high
And called to Odin for a sign
Thor the mighty, Thor the brave
Crush the infidels in your way
By your hammer let none be saved
Live to die on that final day
Gods, Monsters and Men
We'll die together in the end

God of thunder, god of rain
Earth shaker who feels no pain
The powerhead of the Universe
Now send your never ending curse
Swing your hammer to crack the sky
Lift your cape so that you might fly
Back to Odin and the Gods on High
And leave this mortal world
4.1.11 Twisted Truth (by Pestilence)
A god before god
Summon the demons to enter your body
Ceremonies to attain the blessing
A faith in secrecy
No respect for the weak
The victim of hypocrisy
The philosophy chosen to live by
Has brought you your mortality
A reason to die
No remission of sins commited
When you were fighting the lie
Actions begged to be killed
A sacrifice chosen
Laughter at the sight of blood
That has spilled
Respond to the inclination within
A desire fulfilled
Pride, for the slaughter is done
While being thrilled
Praise who guards your soul
And for whom you have killed
Fools are the followers of masters they deify
Conversion does not save you from death, die
Twisted truth
Twisted truth
A juvenile mind mislead
In the name of your lord you lived
Serving, your death
A life full of sin, good is evil
Believing the unholy words you read
Commandmends are there to break them
Live by your own rules instead
Proclaim the salvation you met
Liege of Inveracity (by Suffocation)
Forced into your mind, passed down through the centuries,
Cultures will collide, holy wars for what?
Holy book of God, holy book of lies.
Chanting scriptures in vain,
Hoping to allow to rest,
Hopeful, peaceful life,
Compassion all but gone.
Effigy of what=B9s to come,
Hopeless, worthless dreams.
Sorrow scars your brain,
End the weak, all is dead.
Come see, my light.
Misguided fools, I shall guide.
Grant thyself, all your minds.
Liege Of Inveracity.
Follow still you will,
Puppets to take your lord.
Only gaining faith for,
An imminent demise.
Reduce your wretched mind,
With these false prophecies.
Now I will prevail,
All servants left to rot.
A new race I will now create,
As I end their pitiful lives.
My destiny has only begun,
To torture future minds.







4.2 The Activity of Categorization
4.2.1 Progressive assimilation
4.2.1.1 word:spellbound
Singer: Shagrat Group Band: Dimmu Borgir
Album: Ehron Darkness Triumphant, 1996

4.2.1.2 word: Hallowed be
Singer: Dani Filth Group Band: Cradle of Filth
Album: Lovecraft and Witch Heart, 2002

4.2.1.3 word: twisted the
Singer: Petrcik Mameli Group Band: Pestilance
Album: The best of Pestilance Mind of Riflection, 1994

4.2.1.4 word :earth Shaker
Singer: Adams Group Band: Manowar
Album: Warrior of The World




4.2.2 Regressive assimilation
4.2.2.1 word: passed down
Singer:Frank Moulan Group Band: Saffocation
Album: Efiggy of Forgoten, 1987

4.2.2.2 word: beyond to
Singer: Shagrat Group Band: Dimmu Borgir
Album: Enthron Darkness Triumphant, 1996

4.2.2.3 Word: Courtyard
Singer: Dani Filth Group Band: Cradle of Filth
Album: Lovercraft and Witch Heart, 2002

4.2.2.4 Word: at hand
Singer:Dani Fitlh Group Band: Cradle of Filth
Album: Lovecraft and Witch Heart

4.2.3Devoicing
4.2.3.4 word: Horizon
Singer: Erick Adams Group Band: Manowar
Album: Warrior ofthe World,1987


4.2.3.5  word: Found it
Singer: Shagrat Group Band: Dimmu Borgir
Album: Godless Savage Garden,1998

4.2.3.6 Word: Heard the
Singer: Shagrat Group Band: Dimmu Borgir
Album Enthron Darkness Triumphant,1996

4.2.4 Voicing
4.2.4.1 Word: Heard Froze
Singer: Jon Nodtveidt Group Band: Dissection
Album: God Of Darkness, compilasi, 1997

4.2.4.2 word: That falls
Singer: Dani Filth Group Band: Cradle of Filth
Album: Lovecraft and Witch Heart, 2002

4.2.5 Flapping
4.2.5.1 word: Dreamer
Singer: Dani Filth Group Band: Cradle of Filth
Album: Lovecraft and Witch Heart, 2002



4.2.5.2  Word: Gathering
Singer: Jon Nodtveidt Group Band: Dissection
Album: God of Darkness, 1994

4.2.5.3  Word: Slaughter
Singer: Petrick Mameli Group Band: Pestilence
Album: The Best of Pestilence Mind of Reflection, 1994

4.2.5.4 Word: Rotting
Singer: George corpse Grinder Group Band Canibal Corpse, 1998
Album: Gallery of Suicide

4.2.6 Dissimilation
4.2.6.1  Word: brother
Singer: Erick Adams Group Band: Manowar
Album: Kings of Metal, 1998

4.2.6.2  Word: Another
Singer: Shagrat Group Band: Dimmu Borgir
Album: Enthron Darkness Triumphant, 1996

4.2.7 Delection
4.2.7.1 Word: Metal
Singer: Shagrat Group Band: Dimmu Borgir
Album: Godless Savage Garden, 1998

4.2.7.2  Word: devil
Singer: Shagrat Group Band: Dimmu Borgir
Album: Enthron Darkness Triumphant, 1996

4.2.7.3  Word: take away
Singer: Dani Filth Group Band: Cradle of Filth
Album: God of Darkness, compilasi, 1997

4.2.7.4 word: Take
Singer: Dani Filth Group Band: Cradle of Filth
Album: God of Darkness, compilasi 1997

4.2.7.5 Word: grief
Singer: Shagrat Group Band: Dimmu Borgir
Album: Enthron Darkness Triumphant, 1996

4.2.7.6  Word: whispering voices
Singer : Shagrat Group Band : Dimmu Borgir
Album : Enthron Darkness Triumphant, 1996

4.2.8 Ephentesis
4.2.8.1 Word: Something
Singer: Shagrat Group Band: Dimmu Borgir
Album: Enthron Darkness Triumphant, 1996

4.2.8.2  Word : Lengthen
Singer : Dani Filth Group Band: Cradle of Filth
Album: Thornography, 2

4.2.8.3  Word: Strength
Singer: Phil Anselmo Group Band: Pantera
Album: Far Beyond Driver














4.3            The Activity Of Explanation
4.3.1 Progressive Assimilation
Assimilation in which a preceding sound has an effect on a following one, as in shortening captain  to cap'm  rather than cap'n
-           “Spellbound [spel’baund]”
Become [spel]+[baund]          -/spelbaund/
Assimilation Process: the back vowel sound (u) affects the nasal sound (n) so that the noise (n) lost unvoiced
-           “Blessed the…”
The word bles +[ðe]-/blest the/
Assimilation Process: the Alveolar fricatives voice (s) affects the dental sound (d) so that the noise (d) lost unvoiced

-          “Hallowed be…”
The word hallow
phonetic transcript: [hælow]
become([hælowed]-/hælowit/
Assimilation process: the front vocal sound (i) affects the dental sound (d) so that the noise (d) become a sound of an Alveolar (t)

-           “Twist the…”
            The word twist
            Phonetic Transcript: [twist]
            Become [twist] +[ð]-/twist the/
Assimilation Process: The interdentally sound (ð)affects the Alveolar sound     (t)so that the noise ((t)lost unvoiced

-           “earth shaker…”
Phonetic Transcript: [∂rth] and shaker [šeiker]
Become[∂rθ]+[shaker]-/ /∂rθ šeiker/
Assimilation process: the Alveplatal (š)affects the interdentally(θ) so that the noise(θ)lost unvoiced
   
  4.3.2   Regressive Assimilation
   assimilation in which a following sound has an effect on a preceding one, as in pronouncing have  in have to  as /hæf/ http://sp.dictionary.com/dictstatic/g/d/dictionary_questionbutton_default.gifShow Spelled[haf],  influenced by the voiceless (t) in to.

-           “Passed Down through…”
Phonetic Transcript [pæsd] and down [dawn]
Become [pæst]+ [dawn]-/ pæst dawn/
Assimilation Process: the alveolar voiced sound (d) affects the unvoiced Alveolar sound (t) so that the sound (t) lost unvoiced

-          “beyond to…”
Phonetic transcript : [ biynd]
Become [ biynd] + [tu]-/beyond tu:/
Assimimilation process: unvoiced  Plosif Alveolar sound (t) affects the dental sound (d) so that the noise (d) lost unvoiced

-          “Courtyard”
Phonetic Transcript [kowrtyart]
Become [kourt]+ [yart]-/kouryard/
Process Assimilation : the Alveoplatal sound (y) affects the Alveolar (t) so that the noise (t) lost unvoiced

-          “At hand…”
Phonetic transcript [æt] and hand [hænd]
Become [æt]+[hand]-/a hand/
Assimilation Process: glottal sound (h) affects  the plosive Alveolar unvoiced sound (t) so that the noise (t) lost Unvoiced




4.3.3  Reciprocal assimilation
Reciprocal assimilation is assimilation that occurs due to the presence of two sounds that interplay in a word, which then combine and produce another sound. This sound is divided into three parts, they are:
1.      Devoicing
2.      Voicing
3.      Flapping
4.3.3.1 Devoicing
The process of sound vocal folds with loss of movement, not collected by the immediate release of a voiceless consonant sound, so the sound turns into a voiceless voiced
-           “believe that…”
          Phonetic transcript [bili:v] and that [ðæ]
           Become [billi:v]+ [ðæ]-/bili:f ðæ/
Assimilation Process: the interdental sound (ð)affets the labiodental voiced sound(v) so that the noise (v) change into unvoiced labiodental sound (f).
-          ”on the horizon…”
Phonetic transcript :Horizon [h∂ri:zon]
Become [h∂ri:]+[zon]-/h∂ri:son/
Assimilation process: the back vocal sound (o) affects the fricative alveolar voiced sound (z) so that the noise (z) change into unvoiced alveolar sound(s).
-          ”found it…”
Phonetic Transcript: Found [faund] and it [it]
Become [faund]+[it]-/faund/
Assimilation Process: the back vocal sound (i) affects the fricative alveolar voiced (d) so that the noise (d)change into unvoiced Alveolar sound (t).
-          ”heard the..”
Phonetic transcript: herad [hir] and the [ðe]
Become [heard]+[ðe]-/heart/
Assimilation Process: the interdentally sound(ð) affects the fricative Alveolar voiced sound(d) so that the noise (d)change into alveolar unvoiced sound(t).
4.3.3.2 Voicing
The process of voicing of the vocal cords during articulates with the sound of the voice channels are on velum position and let the air flow and result in aspiration before the vocal cords vibrate, the sound of voices widened, so that the voiceless sound becomes voiced.
-           “heart froze…”
Phonetic transcript: heart[har:t] and froze [frouz]
Become [hart]+[froze]-/hardfrouze/
Assimilation Process: the labiodentals sound (f) affects the voiced sound alveolar plosive unvoiced (t)so that the noise (t) change into alveolar plosive voiced(d)
-          “ That falls…”
Phonetic transcript: That[ðat] and falls[fals]
Become [ðat]+[fals]-/ðadfals/
Assimilation process: the sound of unvoiced fricative labiodentals (f) affects the voiced sound of plosive alveolar unvoiced (t)so that the noise (t) change into sound of the plosive alveolar voiced(d).

4.3.3.3   Flapping
The process of the sound produced by briefly touching articulator articulation point with the process of changing the sound of a dental or alveolar change into sound (r), in English, the use of noise (t) and (d) and occurs between the vowels.

-          ”were gathering…”
Phonetic change Gathering[gæθ∂riŋ
Become: [gathering]-[gather]
Assimilation Process: the alveolar sound (t) affects the middle vocal sound (e) so that the noise (t) and (e) contact with the noise flap (r)

-          ”Dreamer after dawn…”
Phonetic transcript: Dreamer [driemer]
Become [driemer]-/dream/
Assimilation Process: the alveolar sound (d) affects the middle vocal sound
(e) so that the noise(d) and (e) contact with the sound flap (r)

-          “slaughter is done…”
Phonetic transcript: Slaughter [slt∂r]
Become [slaugh]-/slaugh/
Assimilation Process: Alveolar (t) affects the vocal middle sound (e)so that the noise (t) contact with the flap sound ( R).


-          “Rotting corpses…”
Phonetic transcript: rotting [rotiη]
Become [rotiη]-/roθiη/
Assimilation Process: the alveolar sound (t) affects the middle vocal sound (e)so that the noise (t) contact with the flap sound (r).

4.3.4 Dissimilation
The process of changing the sound of two sounds close together, thus causing the two sounds to be not the same and produce a sound pressure that easily articulated and the process is very rare compared with assimilation.

-           “brother...”
Phonetic transcript  [brɅθ∂r]
Become [brɅθ∂r]-/ brθ∂r/
Assimilation Process: the interdental sound (θ) affects the middle vocal sound (Ʌ)so that the noise(Ʌ)lost unvoiced.

-           “another...”
Phonetic transcript [ θ∂r]
Become [ θ∂r]
Assimilation process: the interdental sound (θ) affects the middle vocal sound (Ʌ)so that the sound (Ʌ) lost unvoiced.
4.3.5 Deletion
The process of removing a segment of a particular phonetic context. This removal process appears in rapid speech spoken in various languages​​.

-           “Metal hear...”
Phonetic transcript [metl]
Become[metl]-/ [mtl]
Assimilation process: the alveolar plosive unvoiced sound (t) affects the back vocal sound (e) so that the noise (e) lost unvoiced.

-          “Devil...”
Phonetic transcript [devl]
Become [devl]-/dvl/
Assimilation process: The labiodental fricative sound (V) affects the back vocal sound (e) so that the noise (e) lost unvoiced.

-          “take away...”
            Phonetic transcript [teik] and [way]
Become [teik]+ [way]-/teikwai/
Assimilation process: the vellar uncoiced sound (k) affects the back vocal sound(e) so that the noise (e) lost unvoiced.

-           Take my curse...”
Phonetic transcript [teik]
Become [teik]-/tek/
Assimilation Process: the vocal sound (e) affects the middle vocal sound (i) so that the noise (i) lost unvoiced.

-          lives is grief...”
Phonetic transcript [grief]
Become [grief]-/grif/
Assimilation process: The labiodental sound (f) affects middle vocal sound (e) so that thenoise (e) lost unvoiced.

-          Whispering voicess...”
Phonetic transcript [wisprη]
Become [wisprη]-/wispriη/
Assimilation Process: The flap sound (u) affects the middle sound () so that the noise () lost unvoiced.


4.3.6 Ephentesis
The process of entry of a segment or a non-syllabic syllabic into a series of segments.

-           “something...”
Phonetic transcript [smθiη]
Become [smθiη]-/ smpθiη/
Assimilation Process: Were added labial stop sound unvoiced (p)

-          “Moons lengthen...”
Phonetic transcript [leηθen]
Become  [leηθen]-/ leηkθen/
Assimilation Process: were added a velar stop sound unvoiced (k)

-          “strength...”
Phonetic transcript [streηθ]
Become [streηθ]-/ streηkθ/
Assimilation process: were added a velar stop sound unvoiced (k)














4.4 The Activity of interpretation
In this activity the writer found the sound change is Trash Metal Music and they are
4.4.1 Devoicing
The process of sound vocal folds with loss of movement, not collected by the immediate release of a voiceless consonant sound, so the sound turns into a voiceless voiced.
-          “believe that…”
             Phonetic transcript [bili:v] and that [ðæ]
             Become [billi:v]+ [ðæ]-/bili:f ðæ/
Assimilation Process: the interdental sound (ð)affets the labiodental voiced sound(v) so that the noise (v) change into unvoiced labiodental sound (f).
4.4.2 Voicing
The process of voicing of the vocal cords during articulates with the sound of the voice channels are on velum position and let the air flow and result in aspiration before the vocal cords vibrate, the sound of voices widened, so that the voiceless sound becomes voiced.
“heart froze…”
Phonetic transcript: heart[har:t] and froze [frouz]
Become [hart]+[froze]-/hardfrouze/
Assimilation Process: the labiodentals sound (f) affects the voiced sound alveolar plosive unvoiced (t)so that the noise (t) change into alveolar plosive voiced(d)
4.4.3 Flapping
The process of the sound produced by briefly touching articulator articulation point with the process of changing the sound of a dental or alveolar change into sound (r), in English, the use of noise (t) and (d) and occurs between the vowels.
-          ”were gathering…”
Phonetic change Gathering[gæθ∂riŋ]
Become: [gathering]-[gather]
Assimilation Process: the alveolar sound (t) affects the middle vocal sound (e) so that the noise (t) and (e) contact with the noise flap (r)
4.4.4 Dissimilation
The process of changing the sound of two sounds close together, thus causing the two sounds to be not the same and produce a sound pressure that easily articulated and the process is very rare compared with assimilation.
-          “brother...”
Phonetic transcript  [brɅθ∂r]
Become [brɅθ∂r]-/ brθ∂r/
Assimilation Process: the interdental sound (θ) affects the middle vocal sound (Ʌ)so that the noise(Ʌ)lost unvoiced.

4.4.5 Deletion
The process of removing a segment of a particular phonetic context. This removal process appears in rapid speech spoken in various languages​​.
-          “Metal hear...”
Phonetic transcript [metl]
Become [metl]-/ [mtl]
Assimilation process: the alveolar plosive unvoiced sound (t) affects the back vocal sound (e) so that the noise (e) lost unvoiced.
4.4.6 Ephentesis
The process of entry of a segment or a non-syllabic syllabic into a series of segments.
-          “something...”
Phonetic transcript [smθiη]
Become [smθiη]-/ smpθiη/
Assimilation Process: Were added labial stop sound unvoiced (p)
Based on the researched of the writer, there is six sounds change that happened in the music.








1 Responses to "Bab 4 Skripsi UNIMA Bahasa Inggris"
dion prayoga said...

yo sip


February 2, 2014 at 3:00 AM

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